The Birth & Beyond (B&B) Family Resource Center Initiative, an AmeriCorps State and National program, supports families at risk of child maltreatment with weekly home visits by AmeriCorps members. AmeriCorps home visitors employ the evidence-based parent education curriculum, the Nurturing Parenting Program (NPP), and assess parents using the Adult-Adolescent Parenting Inventory (AAPI) to determine the risk of child maltreatment.    

Study Goals:
The goal of the evaluation was to understand the impact of B&B AmeriCorps home visiting participation on Sacramento Child Protective Services (CPS) involvement. The study used CPS data to conduct a quasi-experimental design evaluation to determine whether 12-month recurrence outcomes differ for children who received B&B home visiting services compared to children who did not participate in B&B home visiting services.

Research Questions:
The research questions were:

  1. Birth & Beyond Outcomes:
    • What percentage of B&B clients with eight hours or more of service experience a substantiated allegation of maltreatment within 12 months of intake? 
    • Taking B&B home visiting dosage, demographics, and prior CPS history together, what factors predict the likelihood of substantiated allegations within a 12-month observation period from their date of intake? 
  2. Comparative Outcomes:  How do the 12-month recurrence rates for B&B AmeriCorps participants with eight hours or more of service compare to a comparison group with similar characteristics?

The evaluation found the following:

  • Birth & Beyond Outcomes:  
    • Children in families with more B&B AmeriCorps home visiting services were less likely to experience recurrence of maltreatment.
    • CPS outcomes varied according to demographic and CPS risk factors.
    • Children who were higher on a vulnerability index were more likely to experience recurrence of maltreatment.
    • Service dosage mattered especially for the most vulnerable children.
  • Comparative Outcomes:  
    • Children in families with eight hours or more of B&B AmeriCorps home visiting service were less likely than their peers to experience maltreatment in 12 months. 
    • Amongst children with low and moderate vulnerabilities, B&B participating children were less likely than their peers to experience recurrence.

For more information, download the full report.

Full report

Further information

Birth and Beyond AmeriCorps
Implementing Organization
The Child Abuse Prevention Council of Sacramento
AmeriCorps Program(s)
AmeriCorps State and National
Age(s) Studied
0-5 (Early childhood)
26-55 (Adult)
Focus Population(s)/Community(s)
Outcome Category
Access to care
Nonprofit development
Study Type(s)
Study Design(s)
Quasi-experimental (QED)
Level of Evidence
Applied Survey Research (ASR)
Published Year
Study Site Location (State)